Geography and climate
The Federal Republic of Germany is located in the center of
It is one of the largest countries in Europe, covering
an area of approximately 357,000 square kilometers (138,000
square miles) and measuring 885 kilometers (550 miles) from
north to south and 595 kilometers (370 miles) from east to west.
Germany’s neighboring countries are Poland, the Czech Re-
public, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, the
Netherlands, and Denmark (clockwise). Germany’s ideal location
in the heart of Europe, with major international airports in Frank-
furt/Main, Munich, Duesseldorf, Cologne, Hamburg and Berlin,
as well as access to the North and Baltic Seas, creates a multi-
tude of opportunities for European and international business.
The climate in Germany is mild, with moderate rainfall through-
out the year.
In the lower-altitude regions, winter temperatures
are usually above freezing with rare snowfalls, and summers are
occasionally hot. Regions above 500 meters generally have mild
summers and moderate amounts of snow in the winter.