Subsidy policy in Germany is currently affected to a large extent
by the goals of the energy transition.
The aim is to ensure a
climate-friendly and environmentally compatible energy supply
without putting the competitiveness of German companies at
risk. To this end, research projects relating to the environment,
the climate, and the energy supply system, as well as to the
effcient use of renewable energy are being promoted by means
of various measures.
Meanwhile, there are tax breaks, for ener-
gy-intensive economic sectors, for example, to ensure that they
remain internationally competitive as energy prices increase.
The following chapters give an overview of the main types of
financial aid extended by the German Federal Government and
the governments of the Länder.