The Gross domestic expenditure on R&D in Germany has steadily increased since the
1980s from € 15 billion in 1981 to € 79 billion in 2012. The largest share of this expenditure
comes from the business enterprise sector (67.7% in 2012). The higher education sector
only accounts for 17.9%, the government sector only 14.3% of the total GERD expenditure
Due to the limited availability of data on GERD by FOS (agricultural sciences) it is not
possible to provide an analysis of the share of agricultural expenditure in total GERD
expenditure. Comments on the share of agriculture within the government and higher
education sectors are provided in relevant material.