Public and private effort
Similar to the general trend of research expenditure in Germany, the available GERD data
for the FOS 4 Agricultural sciences shows that the absolute government sector and higher
education sector expenditure have been steadily increasing.
However, the share of expenditure for FOS 4 of total expenditure
particularly for the higher education sector have been decreasing from just below 5% in
1993 to just above 3% in 2011 (cf. Figure 4). Similarly, the GOVERD share of FOS 4 in
total GOVERD shows a decreasing trend, with alterations between 5 and 6% in the period
between 1993 and 2012.