Termination of employment
In principle, employers and employees can terminate contracts of employment at
any time by giving four weeks’ notice to the 15th or end of any month. However,
the Act on Protection against Termination (Kündigungsschutzgesetz – KSchG)
provides for longer minimum notice periods for long-serving employees.
In some cases, this is extended even further (unless there is compensation in lieu)
where it would cause grave social hardship to an individual for him to lose his
job. Certain persons, such as expectant mothers, the disabled and members of
the workers’ council enjoy more or less absolute protection against redundancy.
All mass redundancies must be discussed with the workers’ council and,
isolated instances apart, agreement must be reached with them in the form of a
so-called “social plan” to alleviate hardship.