Notwithstanding recent efforts to make recognition of formal skills easier for
immigrants, regulations for the recognition of formal skills differ by Land and the process
remains costly for applicants.
If immigrants are not granted recognition in the form of a
degree or permission to perform the job they trained for, they should get access to
training to gain the missing qualifications, ideally on the job (OECD, 2014e). Training
measures are for example provided by the nationwide Network “Integration through
However, active labour market policies, upskilling opportunities and
the provision of housing for vulnerable low income households should be stepped up.