Under German domestic law, in principle no pension payments
are made to non-resident aliens. However, an expatriate leaving
Germany may apply for a refund of the employee portion of the
contributions made to the German pension system at any time
once two years have passed since the last contributions were
The social insurance agreements that Germany has concluded
generally allow pension payments to foreigners living abroad.
Most agreements provide for a voluntary continuation of
contributions once a foreigner lives abroad, but do not permit a
With India and China, Germany has concluded social insurance
agreements with respect to workers temporarily posted
(expatriates) to the other contracting state by their employers
(Entsendeabkommen). These agreements are designed to avoid
situations where expatriates are covered by two insurance
systems and would have to pay pension and unemployment
insurance contributions twice.
However, they do not contain any
other provisions, for example on later pension payments.