Towards a more integrated international security policy
Over the last years, the international and European security landscape has
been characterised by dramatic changes.
Security threats have become, if
anything, much more interrelated and unpredictable. This has increasingly
blurred the line between foreign, defence and development policy and even
between foreign and domestic policy (as in the Syrian refugee crisis). This
challenge seems to be well understood along the political spectrum, with calls
for a “holistic” security policy coming from all sides.
Importantly, the 2016 “White Paper” on the future of the Bundeswehr for the first time focuses on defence
policy mainly as integrated part of a general security framework. The
transformation of global and European security threats have also been
discussed extensively at the Munich Security Conference (MSC). In order to
respond to these new challenges adequately, Wolfgang lschinger, chair of the
MSC and former German ambassador to the US came up with a frequently
quoted proposal to introduce a new “foreign policy guideline”: a 3% of GDP
spending target for “crisis prevention, development assistance and defence”.
This target would integrate the 2% NATO defence goal and the 0.7% ODA goal
for development aid.