The area of education and training also reflects Germany’s mature and unique
model of the (welfare) state. Education is considered to be the responsibility of
the state while training is also the result of a partnership between trade and
industry and the state. The collaboration between universities and companies,
including an increasing number of medium-sized enterprises, has become a
matter of public interest in the past few years. However, many of these
partnerships, particularly those with technical universities (including universities
of applied sciences and other universities) have been the norm for both parties
for a long time.
In particular, the ‘dual system’ of vocational training has been held up as a
model for others around the world to follow. It ensures demand-oriented training
and a smooth transition from training into the workplace. As a result Germany
has a NEET rate for youngsters of 2.5%, lower than any other country in the EU.
This rate refers to the number of 15 to 19-year-olds who are ‘not in employment,
education or training’. With regards to the 20 to 24-year-olds the NEET rate in
Germany is 9.3%.
In the EU here only the Netherlands have a better rate.
OECD rightly stresses that the dual system promotes employability and points to
lower unemployment rates among individuals with a professional qualification at
an upper secondary level of education compared with those of other countries.