Bills are enacted on signature by the federal president
Bills are enacted on signature by the federal president (Bundespräsident) to
whom they are submitted after acceptance by both chambers of parliament. The
signed acts then take effect on promulgation in the Federal Journal of Statutes
The present government is a coalition of the Christian Democrats (CDU/CSU)
and the Social Democrats (SPD) following the general election held on
September 22, 2013.
Germany is a founder member of the European Union (EU) and takes an active
part in the activities of all its subordinate institutions.