four different types of AKIS actors
Due to the differences between the AKIS in the different states, one can only provide
a generalised overview of the four different types of AKIS actors in Germany.
Moreover,the attribution of certain actors to the categories is sometimes fluent and can differ from
state to state. The centrality of certain actors, however, becomes evident; such as the
state ministries of agriculture, the regional chambers of agriculture – where they exist, or
the state research institutions. The importance of the latter in ‘bridging research and
practice’ was confirmed in surveys conducted within the PROAKIS project (Paul et al.).