GBAORD – Government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D
GBAORD – Government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D (Staatliche
Mittelzuweisungen oder Ausgaben für F&E): Total GBAORD appropriations are available for
the period 1980 to 2007 (NABS 1992), and for the years 2008 to 2013 (NABS 2007).
Likewise, GBAORD appropriations for NBS06 – Agricultural productivity and technology
(NABS 1992) are available for 1981 to 2007, followed by NABS08 – Agriculture (NABS
2007) for the period 2008 – 2013. Very few values are available for NBS1107 – Agricultural
sciences for this period (NABS 1992). Responsibilities for GBAORD collection is shared
between Federal Ministry for Research and Development (BMBF) for federal level
expenditure and the Federal Statistical Office for state budgets.
For gathering GBAORD data, experts are searching public budgets for titles with research relevance.
The R&D expenditure of the federal state and the Länder by NABS for the research objective
‘agricultural productivity and technology’, published by the Deutscher Bundestag until 1998
and by the BMBF since 2002, is mostly congruent with the GBAORD by NABS data for the
period 2002 to 2012 5. Some deviations occur for the values before 2002, however overall
dynamics are very similar to the GBAORD by NABS NBS06 – Agricultural productivity and