UN Anticorruption Convention, OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery
Germany signed the UN Anti-Corruption Convention in 2003, but has not yet ratified it. In
February 2014, the German parliament amended the criminal law clarifying corruption offenses
by parliamentarians and increasing penalties. This law removes the main obstacle to the
ratification of the UN Anti-Corruption Convention.
Germany ratified the 1998 OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in 1999, thereby criminalizing
bribery of foreign public officials by German citizens and firms. The necessary tax reform
legislation ending the tax write-off for bribes in Germany and abroad became law in 1999.
Germany actively enforces the convention and is increasingly dealing better with the risk of
The country participates in the relevant EU anti-corruption measures and signed two EU
conventions against corruption. However, Germany has not ratified the Council of Europe
Criminal Law Convention on Corruption and the Civil Law Convention on Corruption.