Besides the 2003 federal transport master plan with a total volume of 150 billion € for the
time period 2001-2015, there have been several national initiatives for investments into the
transport infrastructure. One of the largest of these, the 1999 “Investments for the Future”
programme (Zukunftsinvestitionsprogramm) was set up from funds generated through the
selling auction of UMTS licenses. It contained investments into road (7.1 billion €), rail (7.5
billion €) and waterways (1.3 billion €) for the period 2001-2003.
Due to the short time scale and the public accounting system which does not allow transferring funds into following
years, however, it was difficult for the administrative authorities and the German railways to
actually spend the funds in time. Germany additionally receives funding from the European
Fund for Regional Development for infrastructure investments in the new federal states in
eastern Germany. In 2005, the Federal Government decided to provide an additional sum of
2 billion Euros for the period 2005 – 2008 for the improvement of transport infrastructure as
part of their reform agenda for Germany (Agenda 2010).
The projects that can be supported are taken out of the portfolio of the general master plan. Thus, these investments intend to
accelerate the completion of priority projects. The funds are managed through the newly
formed infrastructure financing agency (Verkehrsinfrastrukturfinanzierungsgesellschaft
VFIG) which allows for more flexibility in the horizontal and temporal allocation of funds.