German government ensures competition on a level playing on the basis of two main legal codes:
The Law against Limiting Competition (amended last in 2013) is the legal basis for the fight
against cartels, merger control and monitoring abuse. State and Federal cartel authorities are in
charge of enforcing anti-trust law.
In exceptional cases the Minister for Economics and Energy
can provide a permit under specific conditions; the last case was a merger of two regional
hospitals in 2008.
The Law against Unfair Competition (amended last in 2013) can be invoked in front of the
regional courts as courts of first instance.