The aggregate data that there is, neither provides for strong rejection of EU
trade policymaking nor strong backing.
Research based on micro-level data has
tended to suggest that preferences for economic openness are based on how
trade affects individual levels of income. However, some research also finds
that perceptions of trade’s effect on the economy as a whole also come into
Also, for the 2 generation trade agreements it is reasonable to assume
that issues other than distributional effects play a more prominent role.